Poetical parallelism is not found except in a few portions, as in the seventh, twenty-first, twenty-seventh, twenty-eighth, twenty-ninth through thirty-first chapters. And the human type predominates over all, and gives character and unity to the four, who thus form one creation. You can also change some of your preferences. Bible Versions ... Ezekiel 15. The "wings" represent the power by which all creation rises and falls at God's will; the "one spirit," the unity and harmony of His works; the free motion in all directions, the universality of His Providence. The mere presence of both desire and opportunity do not mean that a sexual act is obedient or pure before God. It said that there is something broken and inherently impure in us, even in what comes from us normally. Rabbi Hananias is said to have satisfactorily solved the difficulties (Mischna) which were alleged against its canonicity. After it he consoles the captives by promising them future deliverance and restoration. And on the eighth day she shall take for herself two turtledoves or two young pigeons, and bring them to the priest, to the door of the tabernacle of meeting. Ezekiel 22. If we say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us. Click on the different category headings to find out more. 748), or Χαβώρας (Ptolem. Or, of God, wherein I saw God, who appeared to the prophet; or else, of God, i.e. l. 5. c. 18. Do they make pegs from it to hang things on? Though hid from sight, yet He is ever near the child of God. 3. fol. And whoever touches his bed shall wash his clothes and bathe in water, and be unclean until evening. His position in a heathen king's palace fitted him for revelations of the outward relations of God's kingdom to the kingdoms of the world, so that his book is ranked by the Jews among the Hagiographa or "Sacred Writings," not among the prophetical Scriptures. The name Ezekiel means "(whom) God will strengthen" [Gesenius]; or, "God will prevail" [Rosenmuller]. If we confess our sins, He is faithful and just to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness. And this shall be his uncleanness in regard to his discharge—whether his body runs with his discharge, or his body is stopped up by his discharge, it is his uncleanness. Daniel's predictions are mostly later than Ezekiel's but his piety and wisdom had become proverbial in the early part of Ezekiel's ministry (Eze 14:14, 16; 28:3). By the river; either there commanded to dwell, or thither retiring, that more freely they might lament their own sins, and Jerusalem's desolation: or what if it were to keep, as they might, their sabbath, in which the spiteful Babylonians interrupt them, and with scorn require them to sing a temple song, Psa 137:3. Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site. The effect of the one and the other would be chiefly performed under Christ, of whom in this book are many notable promises, and in whom the glory of the new temple would perfectly be restored. Here His glory is manifested in the works of creation; and as light and fire, lightning and cloud, are the usual marks which in inanimate creation betoken the presence of God Psalm 18:6-14 - so the four living ones symbolize animate creation. Ezekiel 3:22; Ezekiel 8:1; Ezekiel 33:22; Ezekiel 37:1; Ezekiel 40:1. It is mentioned as part of the canon in Melito's catalogue [Eusebius, Ecclesiastical History, 4.26]; also in Origen, Jerome, and the Talmud. ; the thirtieth year, consequently, is the year 625 b.c. Click to enable/disable _ga - Google Analytics Cookie. There the hand of Jehovah came upon Ezekiel. Others, as the Chaldee paraphrast and Jerome, and in modern times also Ideler, are of opinion that the thirtieth year is reckoned from the eighteenth year of the reign of Josiah, because in that year the book of the law was discovered, and the regeneration of public worship completed by a solemn celebration of the Passover. Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (9) Take thou also unto thee wheat.-- The avoidance of intercourse during menstruation was later mentioned in Ezekiel 18:6 as an evidence of a righteous man. And yet their shapes were very different. (probably those used in Chaldaea). 10. ii. B. The vision in the opening chapter of Ezekiel is in the most general form - the manifestation of the glory of the living God. That uncleanness would be spread to any person touching those objects made unclean. (9) After an interval of thirteen years the closing vision of the order and beauty of the restored kingdom (Eze 40:1-48:35). Some try to emphasize the connection between what Ezekiel described and the artistic images of half-beast, half-human monsters of ancient cultures. Then the priest shall offer them, the one as a sin offering and the other as a burnt offering. No trace, however, can elsewhere be pointed out of the existence of a chronology dating from these events. Read Ezekiel 18 commentary using Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible. Click to enable/disable essential site cookies. Click to enable/disable _gid - Google Analytics Cookie. Chebar; a branch of Euphrates, or that part which Chobar advised should be made to divert the violence of Euphrates, lest it damnify the city Babylon. The ungodly were willing to do anything to remain in their native land; whereas the godly believed the prophets and obeyed the first summons to surrender, as the only path of safety. This presented a powerful and consistent message. It was a powerful way to prevent an aspect of sexual and spiritual corruption common in the ancient world: ritual prostitution, often practiced at a sacred place. Yet we need to remember that spiritual cleanliness in worship is important today. “The declaration of semen as unclean in this passage illustrates the sharp distinction between Israelite religion and the pagan religions of the ancient Near East. That may not be true. It is significant that the Apostle Paul made a close connection between uncleanness and sexual immorality, as in 2 Corinthians 12:21, Ephesians 5:3, Colossians 3:5 and other passages. After the captivity, the Jews brought back with them the proper names of the months, "Nisan" etc. This was done by the individual, supported by the expectation of the culture. And whomever the one who has the discharge touches, and has not rinsed his hands in water, he shall wash his clothes and bathe in water, and be unclean until evening. Of God; excellent and wonderful. Every bed is unclean on which he who has the discharge lies, and everything on which he sits shall be unclean. This was beheld by Ezekiel in the thirtieth year, which, according to verse second, was in the fifth year of the captivity of Jehoiachin. When any man has a discharge from his body, his discharge is unclean, Every bed is unclean on which he who has the discharge lies, If he who has the discharge spits on him who is clean, Whoever touches his bed shall wash his clothes and bathe in water, He shall take for himself two turtledoves or two young pigeons, They shall bathe in water, and be unclean until evening, every bed on which he lies shall be unclean, If a woman has a discharge of blood for many days, She shall take for herself two turtledoves or two young pigeons, When they defile My tabernacle that is among them, © Copyright - Enduring Word       |      . Click to enable/disable Google reCaptcha. “The ordinary processes of life are not necessarily clean because they are natural. 2. sect. ‘If a woman has a discharge of blood for many days, other than at the time of her customary impurity, or if it runs beyond her usual time of impurity, all the days of her unclean discharge shall be as the days of her customary impurity. i. p. 150, ed. (c) Travels, par. 2. Chebar—the same as Chabor or Habor, whither the ten tribes had been transported by Tiglath-pileser and Shalmaneser (2Ki 17:6; 1Ch 5:26). When he who has a discharge is cleansed: When the abnormal genital discharge ended, the man could be made ceremonially clean. She shall be unclean. On the eighth day he shall take for himself two turtledoves or two young pigeons, and come before the LORD, to the door of the tabernacle of meeting, and give them to the priest. Havernick marks out nine sections:—(1) Ezekiel's call to prophesy (Eze 1:1-3:15). Tradition represents Sarera as the land of his nativity. Hist. It came to pass in the thirtieth year, of the prophet's age, or from the finding the book of the law in the eighteenth year of Josiah, when the threats were read which now were executed on the Jews, according to 2Ki 22:16, from which date to the fifth year of the captivity are thirty years; or in the thirtieth year of the Chaldean monarchy, founded by Nabopollassar. iv. a. One could be a follower of Jesus without the ritual conformity to the Mosaic Law. Jerusalem as a Useless Vine. or, according to Jerom (t), from the time of the prophet's birth, who was now thirty years of age, and was just entered into his priestly office; or rather it was the thirtieth year of Nabopolassar, or the father of Nebuchadnezzar: this was the twelfth year of the captivity, reckoning from the third of Jehoiakim, which was the first captivity, and from whence the seventy years are to be reckoned, and also the twelfth of Nebuchadnezzar's reign; and if two years are taken, as Vitringa (u) observes, from the twenty one years, which are given to Nabopolassar in Ptolemy's canon, in which Nebuchadnezzar his son reigned with him, there will be found thirty years from the beginning of Nabopolassar's reign to the fifth of Jeconiah's captivity, when Ezekiel began his prophecy, and which, as Bishop Usher (w), Mr. Bedford (x), Mr. Whiston (y), and the authors of the Universal History (z), place in the year 593, before the birth of Christ: in the fourth month; the month Tammuz, as the Targum expresses it; which answers to part of June, and part of July: in the fifth day of the month; which some take to be on a sabbath day; because, seven days after, the word of the Lord came to him again Ezekiel 3:16; just as John was in the Spirit on the Lord's day, Revelation 1:10; between one of whose visions and this there is a very great likeness, as will be seen hereafter: as I was among the captives by the river of Chebar; which is another agreement in circumstance between Ezekiel and John, when they had their visions: John was an exile in Patrons, and Ezekiel among the captives by the river Chebar in Chaldea. Probably he desired not to give needless offence to the government under which he lived. The general principle was that when the unclean comes into contact with the clean, it is the clean that is made unclean. You are free to opt out any time or opt in for other cookies to get a better experience. Whoever touches those things shall be unclean; he shall wash his clothes and bathe in water, and be unclean until evening. Nat. a. ; Acts 7:20, marg. The event alone can clear it up. If you do not want that we track your visit to our site you can disable tracking in your browser here: We also use different external services like Google Webfonts, Google Maps, and external Video providers. It is important for us to regard these laws of cleanliness in a New Testament perspective. He shall take for himself two turtledoves or two young pigeons: A small offering was brought to the priest at the tabernacle. We may request cookies to be set on your device. Check to enable permanent hiding of message bar and refuse all cookies if you do not opt in. Nothing is outside His jurisdiction. Sacr. 21. p. 61. The person manifested is always the same, but the form of the vision is modified according to special circumstances of time and place. But the era, in accordance with which this date is reckoned, is matter of dispute, and can no longer be ascertained with certainty. The oneness of tone throughout and the repetition of favorite expressions exclude the suspicion that separate portions are not genuine. Among the captives.—i.e., in the midst of the region where they were settled. Daniel was rather a seer than a prophet, for the spirit of prophecy was given him to qualify him, not for a spiritual office, but for disclosing future events. The obscurity lies in the substance, not in the form, of his communications. So He said to him, "Bring Me a three-year-old heifer, a three-year-old female goat, a three-year-old ram, a turtledove, and a young pigeon." tom. (5) A year later the warning of judgment for national guilt repeated with greater distinctness as the time drew nearer (Eze 20:1-23:49). Christ is the Perfect Man, so these four in their perfect harmony typify Him who came to earth to do His Father's will; and as man is lord in the kingdom of nature, so is Christ Lord in the kingdom of grace. ), but Divine visions, visions sent from God, as in Ezekiel 8:3; Ezekiel 40:2. a. The vision which follows was seen by Ezekiel only, and was probably vouchsafed to him in solitudes” The captives,” or rather, the captivity, as it is in the original, is the same word as is used of Jehoiachin in the next verse, and yet must be somewhat differently understood in the two cases. This is the common method. Click to enable/disable Google Analytics tracking. If a woman has a discharge of blood for many days: In the case of blood discharge other than normal menstruation (either longer in duration or out of her normal menstrual cycle), a woman was also ceremonially unclean. Yet a principle behind this command is universal, for every Christian and even every person: God commands sexual restraint. These cookies collect information that is used either in aggregate form to help us understand how our website is being used or how effective our marketing campaigns are, or to help us customize our website and application for you in order to enhance your experience. We need 2 cookies to store this setting. The captives - Not in confinement, but restricted to the place of their settlement. Author, ethicist, cook, medic, policymaker: he makes other over-achievers look lazy and inadequate. Monsieur Thevenot (c) speaks of a river called Chabur, which is less than Alchabour, another mentioned by him; and has its source below Mosul, and on the left hand to those that go down the Tigris, and at Bagdad loses itself in the Tigris which he takes to be the same as here: that the heavens were opened; as at our Lord's baptism, and at the stoning of Stephen; and so when John had his vision which corresponds with the following, a door was opened in heaven Revelation 4:1; and I saw the visions of God; which God showed unto him, and which were great and excellent; as excellent things are called things of God, as mountains of God, and cedars of God, Psalm 36:6; and indeed he had a vision of a divine Person, in a human form; to which agrees the Targum, "and I saw in the vision of prophecy, which abode on me, the vision of the glory of the majesty of the Lord.''. Nothing, however, is know of any such era. He who sits on anything on which he who has the discharge sat shall wash his clothes and bathe in water, and be unclean until evening. Since these providers may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to block them here. Test. The Arabic and Syriac versions read, "the vision of God". i. Whoever touches anything that was under him shall be unclean until evening. iv. The Book of Ezekiel is the third of the Latter Prophets in the Tanakh and one of the major prophetic books in the Old Testament, following Isaiah and Jeremiah. Some think this is the same river which is called by Ptolemy (a) Chaboras; and is said by him to pass through Mesopotamia: others say it was a river that was drawn off from the river Euphrates, by the order of one Cobaris, or Gobaris, a governor, from whence it had its name; that the river Euphrates might not, by its rapid course, hurt the city of Babylon; and by the Assyrians it was called Armalchar, or Narmalcha (b), the king's river; though it seems to be no other than Euphrates itself; and Kimchi observes, that in some copies of the Targum on this place it is interpreted of the river Euphrates; and he says their Rabbins of blessed memory say, that Chebar is Euphrates; and so Abarbinel; see Psalm 137:1. 1. l. 1. c. 19. This does not mean that God regards sex itself as inherently sinful or impure; but it does mean that the sexual ethic of “if it feels good, do it” is an ungodly and destructive approach. Thus the opening vision follows naturally as the formal institution of that spiritual temple in which he was to minister [Fairbairn]. c. It is his uncleanness: The status of “unclean” did not completely take the unclean one out of the community. He continued to prophesy for at least twenty-two years, that is, to the twenty-seventh year of the captivity (Eze 29:17), and probably remained with the captives by the Chebar the rest of his life. When they defile My tabernacle that is among them: This made an obvious separation between sex and the worship of God. Then did I eat it; and it was in my mouth as honey for sweetness. The principle of sexual restraint is often stated in the New Testament. There was a Divine vision, either corporeal or intellectual to give offence! Remove all set cookies in our domain data like your IP address we allow you to accept/refuse cookies revisiting. Continued to do so for six or seven years after the fall of Jerusalem ( Eze 12:1-19:14 ) from. 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