He retired in 1676, having received the rank of Generalfeldmarschall and accumulating great riches. Fields denoted with an asterisk (*) are required . In some areas of Germany, it has been suggested that up to 60% of the population died. The Swedish cavalry reformed and counter-attacked, inflicting heavy casualties; only 1,500 of the 5,000 Bavarians made it back to Munich. pg 78, http://books.google.com/books?id=39ZmAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA389&lpg=PA389&dq=battle+of+jankau&source=bl&ots=NbmIuIMVam&sig=hLYXY7vbwXtEEbeTrJHxOGuNdTI&hl=en&ei=vRfFSvzTKoqXlAeN_ZWSAw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=9#v=onepage&q=battle%20of%20jankau&ffalse, http://books.google.com/books?id=zGLYaUNS2twC&pg=PP19&dq=battle+of+jankau&lr=#v=onepage&q=battle%20of%20jankau&ffalse, Czech Republic articles missing geocoordinate data, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, 4,000 to 5,000 captured, 4,000 to 5,000 dead or missing, History of The Thirty Years' War Part Two. Although it could not match the Swedish veterans, 25 years of constant war had devastated the countryside; armies spent more time foraging, than fighting, drastically reducing their ability to sustain campaigns, or maintain positions. [6] The emperor was forced to rely upon his own resources. Print. Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1991. / 6 Mar. Print. Spring finally sprung in Bohemia, and myself and Wife decided to decamp from Prague for the day and visit the family country cottage down south (it’s called “chalupa” in Czech). 15 relations. Print. He later fought in the Second Northern War, the Austro-Turkish War (1663–64) and the Franco-Dutch War. Torstensson and his army did not make it to either Prague or Vienna in 1645. [9], The battle consisted of two parts, the first from dawn to midday, the second from early afternoon until nightfall. Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap} 49°39′01″N14°43′46″E / 49.6503°N 14.7294°E / 49.6503; 14.7294. The Battle of Jankau (also written as "Jankov", "Jankow", or "Jankowitz"), one of the bloodiest of the Thirty Years' War, was fought on 6 March 1645 in southern Bohemia, some southeast of Prague, between the armies of Sweden and the Holy Roman Empire. His son Franz Anton von Sporck became a publisher and a patron of arts. New York: New York Review of Books, 2005. battle of jankau, historical costume, the flag of the, streak of color, ensign, battle, battle re-enactment, history, costume, army Public Domain. Bavaria’s continuation of hostilities with France meant that Emperor Ferdinand III could no longer count on Bavarian troops. [4] The majority of the army was either killed or captured when the Imperial center was surrounded, including the Imperial armies commander-in-chief Hatzfeld. One of the last major battles of the 1618 to 1648 Thirty Years War, it was fought between Swedish and Imperial armies, each containing around 16,000 men. He sent out calls to all of his estates of his dominions for fresh troops. [4] This was unsuccessful; the Swedes defeated the Danes, who had re-entered the war as an Imperial ally, then destroyed an Imperial army in Saxony. Jump to: General, Art, Business, Computing, Medicine, Miscellaneous, Religion, Science, Slang, Sports, Tech, Phrases We found one dictionary with English definitions that includes the word battle of jankau: Click on the first link on a line below to go directly to a page where "battle of jankau" is defined. Jankov is a municipality and village in Benešov District in the Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic. The Battle of Breitenfeld or First Battle of Breitenfeld, was fought at a crossroads near Breitenfeld approximately 8 km north-west of the walled city of Leipzig on 17 September, or 7 September, 1631. Between 4,000 and 5,000 prisoners were taken. The Battle of Jankau or Jankov, one of the bloodiest of the Thirty Years' War, was fought on 5th of March 1645 in southern Bohemia, some 50 km southeast of Prague, between the army of Sweden and that of the Holy Roman Empire. It was a pact of mutual assistance between Maximilian I, Elector of Bavaria, and France, for a period of eight years. On 6th May 1945 in the morning hours the Battle of Jankau took place. The Neo-Latin is the same except after 'Jankau' it says something like, "the Imperials [Caesarianos] and Bavarians relinquish the field, granting the Swedes a rightly victory." It was a victory for the Imperial Army under the command of Field Marshal Melchior von Hatzfeldt, and ended the attempt by Charles I Louis, Elector Palatine, to recapture the Electoral Palatinate. Vol. He was unfriendly towards the Habsburgs; the pope gave no aid to the emperor. Battle of Jankau, 6 March 1645 - A Swedish army under Lennart Torstensson, marching towards Prague, was intercepted by a larger imperial and Bavarian army, but emerges victorious Battle of the Jankau, 6 March 1645 During the previous day the marshal Tortensson thoroughly reconnoitred the terrain and instead of the tactics of frontal clash of two lines he decided to attack the left wing of Hatzfeld’s armyfrom its side across the frozen ponds. [2] General Hatzfeld was given the command of the retreating army and reinforced it by adding new enlistments. The war lost much of its religious nature, and changed into a contest between the Empire and Sweden, who was supported by France, and George Rákóczi, Prince of Transylvania. The Treaty of Fontainebleau was signed on 30 May 1631 during the Thirty Years' War, at the Palace of Fontainebleau. Print. [O.S.] Vol. Johann Philipp Kratz von Scharffenstein was a German nobleman and field marshal, who fought during the course of the Thirty Years' War. The emperor had sent a reque… [6], While the armies in Bohemia were roughly equal in numbers, the Swedes were far better integrated, and led; despite poor health, Torstensson was an energetic and experienced general, with capable officers. The Battle of Jankau, also known as Jankov, Jankow, or Jankowitz, took place in central Bohemia, on 6 March, 1645. 2. Battle of Jankau 1645 reenactment. The Roman Catholic Imperial army, bolstered by 15,000 Spanish soldiers, won a crushing victory over the combined Protestant armies of Sweden and their German-Protestant allies. 4. Saved from c2.staticflickr.com. In 1628, having gained significant experience in warfare he returned to his native Hesse-Kassel which he served until the end of the Thirty Years' War, reaching the rank of commander in chief of the Langraviate's forces and becoming ennobled. In 1630, Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden invaded Pomerania, partly to support his Protestant co-religionists, but also to control the Baltic trade, which provided much of Sweden's income. After a furious argument, Götzen launched a series of attacks, which were repulsed with heavy loss; just after 0915, he was killed, and his troops withdrew. He died three years later. [14], However, Ferdinand could not also support his allies in Bavaria and Saxony. The more mobile and better led Swedes under Lennart Torstensson effectively destroyed their … The Battle of Wolfenbüttel took place near the town of Wolfenbüttel, in what is now Lower Saxony, during the Thirty Years' War. The Battle of Jankau, also known as Jankov, Jankow, or Jankowitz, took place in central Bohemia, on 6 March, 1645. After studying in a Dutch military academy, Geyso fought as a mercenary in the armies of Sweden, Bohemia, Denmark and the German Protestant Union. Gindely, Antonín; Brook, Andrew Ten (translator) (1884). The Battle of Zusmarshausen was fought on 17 May 1648 between Bavarian-Imperial forces under von Holzappel and an allied Franco-Swedish army under the command of Turenne in the modern Augsburg district of Bavaria, Germany. New York: KnickerBocker, 1883. (She abdicates in 1654 and goes to live in Rome) New York: New York Review of Books, 2005. Having dealt a heavy defeat on the Swedish army at the Battle of Nördlingen in September, the armies of the Emperor, Spain and the Catholic League overran much of the Swedish-held southern Germany. It was the Protestants' first major victory of the Thirty Years War. The army of Matthias Gallas was returning from a defeat in Holstein with General Lennart Torstenson and the Swedish army in pursuit. The Battle of Jankau, also known as Jankov, Jankow, or Jankowitz, took place in central Bohemia, on 6 March, 1645. However, by this stage of the war, the devastated countryside forced armies to spend much of their time trying to support themselves, and the Swedes were unable to take advantage. On 18 February, the Swedes passed 18 kilometres (11 mi) to the west, and the two sides spent the next three weeks tracking each other along either side of the Vltava river. Battle of Jankau - WikiMili, Th It envisaged three simultaneous attacks, in order to prevent Imperial forces supporting each other. Our animated historical documentary series on the Thirty Years' War continues with the aftermath of the battle of Freiburg - the battle of Jankau of 1645. Mercy withdrew into Franconia, establishing winter quarters at Heilbronn. The second picture shows the closing stages of the battle as the Swedes pushed through the Hartmany wood. Battle of Jankau (Jankov, Jankow) 1645 So a taster of things to come. Jankov (Battle of Jankau) Location: Jankov, Benešov District, Central Bohemian Region, Q12039507, Czechia : Point in time: 6 March 1645: 49° 39′ 00″ N, 14° 43′ 48″ E: Authority control Near Jankov, 50 km southeast of Prague, Bohemia (present-day, Acton, Lord. The Battle of Nördlingen was fought in 1634 during the Thirty Years' War, on 27 August or 6 September. The Battle of Vlotho was fought on 17 October 1638. Johann von Geyso was a German nobleman and General-Lieutenant, who fought during the course of the Thirty Years' War. [2], Economic factors meant Swedish intervention continued after Gustavus was killed in 1632, but conflicted with states within the Empire, including Saxony, and regional rivals, such as Denmark. [10], Hatzfeldt moved troops from the centre to cover the retreat of Götzen's men, but unlike the lighter Swedish guns, their artillery got stuck in the mud, and were captured by Arvid Wittenberg. Left isolated, the infantry surrendered, with 4,450 taken prisoner, including Hatzfeldt, with another 5,000 killed or wounded; of the 36 regiments involved, only 3,000 men were present in Prague a week later. [N.S.] Seeing this, Torstensson moved his guns forward, firing at close range into the helpless Imperial infantry. Most of Sweden's German allies made peace in the 1635 Treaty of Prague. After ordering Götzen to post a detachment on Chapel Hill, Hatzfeldt set off to assess Douglas' move, which he correctly deduced was a diversion. It drew in Protestant German states like Saxony and Brandenburg-Prussia, as well as external powers like Denmark-Norway. The Swedes were joined there by 14,200 Transylvanian troops; mostly unpaid and unfed, this worsened the supply issues, and the besiegers lost over 8,000 men, from disease, hunger, and desertion. The Imperial army had established winter quarters near Plzeň; unsure of Swedish intentions, von Hatzfeldt held his position to protect Prague. Although the French suffered heavier casualties, they forced a retreat and went on to gain mastery of the middle Rhine region. March, 1645 • Please stay muted to avoid background noise • Use your chat box to ask questions. battle of jankau in a sentence - Use "battle of jankau" in a sentence 1. The Battle of Kempen was a battle during the Thirty Years' War in Kempen, Westphalia on 17 January 1642. The Battle of Jankau, also known as Jankov, Jankow, or Jankowitz, took place in central Bohemia, on 6 March 1645. Print. Free for commercial use, DMCA Contact Us Sporck was born in 1595 and he began his military career at the start of the Thirty Years' War as a private. History of The Thirty Years War Part Two. Upon hearing about the defeat at Jankau the emperor Ferdinand III retreated further towards the Upper Palatinate near Regensburg. armies, each containing around 16,000 men. Fighting continued, as participants tried to improve their positions, but it increased the urgency of negotiations leading to the 1648 Peace of Westphalia. 285. New York: The Macmillan Company, 1911. Anton, Gindely. The struggle for the city of Freiburg in 1644 between French and Bavarian-imperial armies was one of the bloodiest and longest battles of the Thirty Years’ War. The Emperor even offered Maximilian of Bavaria parts of Silesia and Bohemia as collateral in case conceding was the only option. His poor relationship with the Imperial generalissimo Albrecht von Wallenstein frustrated his plan of becoming the supreme commander of the League's forces. By late December the Swedish army had been worn out by the constant fighting.[8]. [5], For 1645, Swedish commander Lennart Torstensson proposed a three-part offensive, intended to compel Ferdinand III to agree terms. He served with distinction in forces of both the Catholic League and Holy Roman Empire. The battle was a decisive victory for the Swedish army under the command of Field Marshal Lennart Torstenson over an Imperial Army of the Holy Roman Empire under the command of Archduke Leopold Wilhelm of Austria and his deputy, Prince-General Ottavio Piccolomini, Duke of Amalfi. In 1648, he became the supreme commander of the Bavarian forces, serving in this capacity until the end of the war. His left was the most vulnerable, with open ground directly to its front, overlooked by a hill to the south, known as 'Kappellhodjen' or Chapel Hill. 192. [11], However, Hatzfeldt felt the Swedes were too close for him to retreat in safety, and opted to hold his position until nightfall. This site uses cookies to deliver our services, improve performance, for analytics, and (if not signed in) for advertising. Vol. Wedgewood, Cicely V. The Thirty Years' War, Part 258. Charles Louis' defeat marked the last time either Palatine or English forces played a significant role in the Thirty Years' War. Print. The Second Battle of Breitenfeld, also known as the First Battle of Leipzig, took place on 23 October 1642 at Breitenfeld, some 7.5 kilometres (4.7 mi) north-east of Leipzig, Germany, during the Thirty Years' War. The Battle of Jankau, also known as Jankov, Jankow, or Jankowitz, took place in central Bohemia, on 6 March, 1645. Werth charged and scattered the Swedish right, before his cavalry stopped to loot the baggage train, where they capturing Torstensson's wife. Ferdinand III was from 1621 Archduke of Austria, King of Hungary from 1625, King of Croatia and Bohemia from 1627 and Holy Roman Emperor from 1637 until his death in 1657. 4. This is the talk page for discussing improvements to the Battle of Jankau article. The Rheingrave Otto saved himself inside Strasbourg. In a conference the night before, Torstensson and his senior officers recognised the drawbacks, but agreed to an assault; their co-ordinated attack contrasted with command failures among the Imperial generals. The Battle of Jankau (also written as "Jankov", "Jankow", or "Jankowitz"), one of the bloodiest of the Thirty Years' War, was fought on 5 March 1645 in southern Bohemia, some 50 kilometres (31 mi) southeast of Prague, between the armies of Sweden and the Holy Roman Empire. Axel Oxenstierna • With the death of Gustavus in 1632, his 6 year old daughter Christina becomes Queen. horse, battle, historical costume, battle re-enactment, history, war, army, riders, cavalry, horses, battle of the three emperors Public Domain The Swedes had superior and more mobile artillery, thus giving them the ability to react quickly to changes on the battlefield. This is not a forum for general discussion of the article's subject. The Battle of Oldendorf on 8 July 1633 was fought as part of the Thirty Years' War between the Swedish Empire and the Holy Roman Empire near Hessisch-Oldendorf, Lower Saxony, Germany. One of the last major battles of the 1618 to 1648 Thirty Years War, it was fought between Swedish and Imperial armies, each containing around 16,000 men. He sent out calls to all of his estates of his dominions for fresh troops. [7] In addition, many of his troops were poorly equipped remnants from defeated armies, his best unit being 5,000 veteran Bavarian cavalry under von Werth. The Battle of Jankau or Jankov, one of the bloodiest of the Thirty Years' War, was fought on 24 February 1645 in southern Bohemia, some 50 km southeast of Prague, between the army of Sweden and that of the Holy Roman Empire . Preliminaries. He died in 1663. 2. Vol. The Battle of Jankau,[1] one of the bloodiest of the Thirty Years' War, was fought on 5 March 1645 in southern Bohemia, some 50 kilometres (31 mi) south-east of Prague, between the army of Sweden and that of the Holy Roman Empire. 285. Battle of Freiburg, (3, 5, and 9 August 1644). Saved by Henry Price Henry Price It actually captures a number of phases at the end, including the final unexpected Swedish attack as the light was falling, the capture of … General Gotz arrived with his army and the Bavarians sent General Werth and colonel Spork to further reinforce the army, giving it a total strength of 16,000.[3]. Swedish losses were around 4,000 in total. Ser. New York: The Macmillan Company, 1911. The commander of the left wing of the Habsburg army, marshal Götz had an impetuous reaction to the Swedish movement and without any proper reconnaissance of the ter… The allied force emerged victorious, and the Imperial army was only rescued from annihilation by the stubborn rearguard fighting of Raimondo Montecuccoli and his cavalry. He was released on ransom, later commanding the Swedish center at the Battle of Jankau. Setton, Kenneth M. Venice, Austria and the Turks in the Seventeenth Century. Vol. While the French campaign in Bavaria ended in stalemate, Torstensson's three part strategy finally proved its worth when Königsmarck burst into Saxony; without hope of reinforcement, Elector John George agreed a six month truce in September 1645. After a short spell in the Spanish invasion of Picardy, he returned to Lorraine where he was captured by the French, spending three years in captivity. Upon his return in 1641, he was promoted to Generalfeldmarschall and dispatched to Germany where he campaigned extensively. pikanýr, battle of jankau, battle re-enactment, historical costume, warfare, battle, infantry Most members of the Holy Roman Empire remained neutral, and the revolt was quickly suppressed. It resulted in the victory of a French-Weimar-Hessian army under the French Comte de Guébriant and the Hessian Generalleutnant Kaspar Graf von Eberstein against the Imperial Army under General Guillaume de Lamboy, who was captured. 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