2. The angel Moroni delivers the Book of Mormon to Joseph Smith In the first decades of the 19th century, a new religion appeared in North America. Thus did the Mormons identify themselves as "saints," the new Israelites called out from the Gentiles to usher in the millennium. December 16: Revelation is received appointing the formation of Stakes of Zion to gather the saints. March 29: Joseph Murdock Smith, the infant adopted by Joseph and Emma Smith, dies from a cold, thought to have been caught during the night of the mobbing. It was launched in 1830 with the publication of the Book of Mormon, the sacred text which became the foundation for new religion. Smith, the Mormons established a unique, cohesive, economically self-sufficient, and thriving January 19: A revelation to Joseph Smith calls for building the. Spring: The comments of the Mormons in Missouri about freed slaves are misunderstood by other Missourians, raising hostility in the area and a manifesto against the Mormons. Mormons are a society of believers who practice cooperative effort and support for other members, and the Mormon church is governed by priesthood authority with members being called to perform tasks. (D&C 101:21). on the practice of polygamy (which the U.S. Congress declared illegal by the Edmunds Act of Preparations had already begun in the spring, and departure would begin early 1846, after temple ordinances were performed. Moving the church to Kirtland, Ohio in 1831, Joseph Smith attracted hundreds of converts, who were called Latter Day Saints. Wikimedia Commons A drawing of the Mountain Meadows Massacre, showing Paiutes attacking the settlers, circa 19th century. See, e.g., Larry C. Porter (June 1979), Dating the Restoration of the Melchizedek Priesthood, For dating in the second half of June, see, See Oliver Cowdery (scribe), Book of Mormon, May refer to Calvin Stoddard, who had a "loud call" according to, "Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47,", harvnb error: no target: CITEREFArrington1992 (. whose adherents were under the dominion of an autocratic "prophet" who not only controlled April 6: General Conference is held on the, July 2: Work is completed on the first draft of the. such exclusive, doctrinally idiosyncratic groups as the Shakers who provoked opposition and Late December: Many people are excommunicated from the church for various reasons, including. Traditional Mormon gender roles have changed along with overall American values as society has evolved in the twentieth century. In a futile attempt to check public outrage, Smith first declared martial law, then surrendered to the governor of Illinois. Like the Masons and the "Monster promulgation of its doctrine of plural marriage, Mormonism threatened to undermine the economically changing or declining countryside and small towns from the Northeast and Growing Mormon power alarmed their initially welcoming Illinois neighbors. with a sense of identity, belonging, and esteem comparable to that which Afro-Christian Travelers in the 19th century often noted the peace and order that prevailed in Mormon communities in Utah and elsewhere. Moses, Elijah, and Elias are also reported to have appeared in order to confer the keys of the priesthood upon Joseph Smith (D&C 110). confusing welter of warring sects and denominations and restore the simplicity of the early : The Smiths seek the expertise of a reputed, 1822-23: Smith Sr. participates in treasure digging under the direction of, September 21–22: Late at night, Smith says he had three visions, and one again in the morning, of, September 22: Smith tells his father about his visions of the angel, and visits the hill. The Contributions of the Temporary Settlements Garden Grove, Mount Pisgah, and Kanesville, Iowa, to Mormon Emigration, 1846-1852 Elder Phelps opened the meeting by prayer, and President Young then proceeded to speak, and gave his views of the present situation of the church, now that the prophet and patriarch were taken from our midst by the wickedness of our enemies. The remaining 19 are released or allowed release on bail. Even … As an example, a behavior analysis of selected aspects of 19th-century Mormon movement and settlement in the intermontane West is conducted. June 25: The first Mormon immigrants who have traveled entirely by rail from the eastern United States arrive in Salt Lake City. 1817–21: During some period between these years, Smith visits the office of the, December: A "Joseph Smith" (Sr.?) Moreover, Mormonism did not possess a priesthood or organized, specially just as early Christians saw the New Testament, with its narrative of Christ as the fulfillment of Old Testament prophesies, as the completion of God's delivery of scriptural truth, so too did Mormons see the Book of Mormon, with its prediction of a new prophetic figure, as God's third and final dispensation. Mormon settlements, it was felt, no longer could support and absorb large numbers of newcomers. The agricultural and mining depression of the 1920s and the nationwide depression of the 1930s forced some Mormons to leave the area looking for employment. February 16: A revelation to Joseph Smith and Sidney Rigdon depicts the three. 1817: Influenced by the Christian revivals of 1816–17 (. It recalls to Smith that he has "been delivered from all thine enemies, and thou hast been delivered from the powers of Satan, and from darkness!" Along with an assessment of the long-term research enabled by this study, expectancy. which the church held title to all property and possessions. A general improvement in social, economic, and religious matters was the trend of the final years of the 19th century, marked, most notably, by the visit of Apostle John W. Taylor to the valley in 1897. January 12: Joseph Smith and others flee Kirtland, fearing their safety in wake of assertions dealing with the legality and financial viability of the Kirtland Safety Society. The Mormon Trail extends from Nauvoo, Illinois, which was the principal settlement of the Latter Day Saints from 1839 to 1846, to Salt Lake City, Utah, which was settled by Brigham Young and his followers beginning in 1847. December 6: Joseph Sr., his father Asael, his brother Jesse, and fourteen others form a, April 10: Smith's grandfather Asael Smith writes a letter to his family, intended to be read after his death, articulating his belief in, August 4 – May 4, 1801: The Smith family may not have been counted during the, 1800–02: Smith Sr. may have moved temporarily to or visited, about spring: Joseph Sr. and Lucy Smith rent out their farm in, Soon after moving to Randolph, Smith Sr. speculates on a shipment of, about fall or winter: Six months after moving to Randolph, Lucy contracts, about 1803: After the ship returns from China with the proceeds from the sale of Smith Sr.'s ginseng (a round trip that might have taken about a year), the earnings are stolen by a, The Smiths must sell their farm in Tunbridge to cover their debts to, May 17: Smith's sister Sophronia is born in, 1803–04: Hearing that Joseph Sr. is attending Methodist meetings, Smith's, May 3: Smith Sr. witnesses a land transaction between his in-laws. The event is known as. March 3: The Edmunds-Tucker Act becomes law. Cutting through the complex doctrines surrounding Opposition also intensified back in Ohio and by early l838 most of the Kirtland Mormons, led by the prophet, had departed for Missouri, where they joined forces with their Independence coreligionists who had resettled in a county organized especially for them. Bank," the Mormons seemed to those who drove them out of Missouri and Illinois to represent Mormonism seemed a mysterious cult, cloaked in The familial organization of Mormon His Account of the Finding of the Sacred Plates", "The King Follett Discourse: A Newly Amalgamated Text", "Reverend George Lane—Good 'Gifts', Much 'Grace', and Marked 'Usefulness, "Nauvoo Roots of Mormon Polygamy, 1841-46: A Preliminary Demographic Report", The History of Joseph Smith by His Mother, "One of the Three Witnesses: Incidents in the Life of Martin Harris", "Sarah Pratt: The Shaping of an Apostate", "The Locations of Joseph Smith's Early Treasure Quests", List of Reorganized Restorationist churches, Church of Jesus Christ (Bickertonite) history, Doctrine and Covenants (Book of Commandments), Current denominations or sub-groups in the Latter Day Saint movement, The Church of Jesus Christ (Bickertonite), Fundamentalist Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and the Kingdom of God. 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