Online Sources: McGill University / LACMA / World Digital Library / MexicoLore, Featured Image: Artwork by GENZOMAN (DeviantArt), Home » Blog Posts » Culture » Quetzalcoatl: History and Mythology of the Aztec ‘Feathered Serpent’ God. He currently reside in Coupeville, WA, Edmonton, AB, and Manzanillo, Colima, Mexico, depending on whose having what medical problems and the time of year. By the time he started high school, that list went to five states, four countries on three continents. Like we discussed before, Tezcatlipoca was associated with night and darkness, whereas his equal yet opposite Quetzalcoatl was associated with light and thus possibly referred to as the White Tezcatlipoca. With each victory a world age is ended; Tezcatlipoca’svictories signify the end of the second and fourth suns, so that Quetzalcoatl may return at the end of the fifth and final sun to triumph at the ending of the world. And lastly, complex legacies of Quetzalcoatl in religious circles were also unexpectedly preserved by fringe groups, like some members of The Church of Latter Day Saints (Mormons). So the combination of quetzalli "precious feather" and coatl "snake" has often been interpreted as signifying a serpent with the feathers of Quetzal. To that end, the feats of the 10th century Toltec king Topiltzin Ce Acatl Quetzalcoatl, who was said to have ruled over the mythico-historic city of Tollan, are almost inseparable from the legends of the god himself. Quetzalcoatl's departure from his people was the work of his old enemy, Tezcatlipoca, who wanted people to make bloodier sacrifices than the flowers, jade, and butterflies they offered to Quetzalcoatl. The flames envelop the surroundings, and enemies caught in them are temporarily prevented from invoking the True Name release of their Noble Phantasms. The gods always fought, so they never got the job done. Over the course of years, many of their leaders gained important commercial routes and forged crucial economic ties with the Dominican order of the Spanish Imperial provinces in Mesoamerica. One must also understand that these stories changed through time to allow for political gain, weather changes, major battles or wars that went wrong, and/or the whims of the priest class to ensure they stayed in power, etc. He moved to the Phoenix area and finally got his education and ended up teaching. However, he had grown fond of a young couple, Tata and Nena. 1 Profile 1.1 Background 1.2 Personality 1.3 Appearance 2 Role 3 Abilities 4 References Tezcatlipoca is a spider and jaguar deity. And without waiting for an answer, he turned them into the first dogs in the world so they could become man’s best friend and ever faithful companion (until it comes to their stomachs). And as we described before, the Toltec rulers continued the tradition of venerating Quetzalcoatl through their own mythico-historical association of rulers with the deity. This confederacy went on to provide logistical support to the Spanish conquistadors in their time and even went on to take control of the symbolic Cholula from a pro-Aztec faction. The gods Quetzalcoatl and Tezcatlipoca brought the earth goddess Tlalteuctli down from on high. Originally adopted from the Toltecs, Tezcatlipoca is with the horned owl and the jaguar, the latter of which he is known to shapeshift into its form at will. add yourself to the list or to unsubscribe, Find this month’s issue of the magazine and archives of all past magazines, Dialing guide for calls to and from Mexico, Guía de Restaurantes CANIRAC Manzanillo 2019, Using Canadian and US dollars in Manzanillo, A note to current and past authors and contributors, Cape Plumbago – I Planted Roots in Mexico, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Mrz8FkumZGg. Aztec-history.com. By the time he started school, he had lived in five places in two states. Quite incredibly, the ‘human’ nature of Quetzalcoatl influenced the later Toltec rulers, so much so that they might have even venerated and equated Quetzalcoatl to a king. Then he joined the Air Force after high school and one year of college and spent 23 years stationed in eleven or twelve places and traveled all over the place doing administrative, security, and electronic things. In the twist of irony, such ties with the foreigners rather bolstered their autonomy as native powers, thereby allowing for the preservation of indigenous traditions related to Quetzalcoatl for centuries to come. He parted with the university and moved to Whidbey Island, Washington where he was introduced to Manzanillo, Mexico. Waking up next morning, the remorseful Quetzalcoatl willingly sets himself on fire (thereby sacrificing himself), and consequently his ashes and heart rise up to the sky to transform into the radiant morning star (Tlahuizcalpantecuhtli or aspect of Venus). The question can be raised – why was the deity particularly associated with a serpent. To that end, dating from circa 700 – 900 AD, there are a few representations of Quetzalcoatl, especially from the site of Xochicalco (a pre-Columbian site that was settled by Mayan traders) that are distinctly human in form. In some myths, Quetzalcoatl grows a beard and goes on to wear a white mask, thereby hinting at his erroneous representation as a white-bearded god. Interestingly enough, from the historical perspective, even decades before the arrival of the Spanish, the Aztec Empire fought against a tenacious enemy in the form of a confederacy of Eastern Nahuas, Mixtecs, Zapotecs and other associated tribes under them. 2016 Kirby Vickery September 2016. Tezcatlipoca (pron. The stela, dating from some time between 1200 – 400 BC, portrays a serpent rearing its head behind a person (possibly a priest). Since the sixteenth century, it has been widely held that the Aztec Emperor Moctezuma II initially believed the landing of Hernán Cortésin 1519 to be Quetzalcoatl's return. Bibliography. Living Greyhawk Official Listing of Deities for Use in the Campaign, version 2.0. They came, one at a time, one building on another and, before each world was built, the one before it was destroyed only to have the new one be created which was better for man. In some myths, Quetzalcoatl grows a beard and goes on to wear a white mask, thereby hinting at his erroneous representation as a white-bearded god. For most things, Quetzalcoatl endorses communication and prosperity with a smiling face, saying that “it is wonderful everybody’s fineee, so this elder sister is happy!”, but she becomes displeased when talking about alcohol and Tezcatlipoca. His time is spent dieting, writing his second book, various articles and short stories, and sightseeing Canada, although that seems to be limited in the winter up there. How to say Tezcatlipoca in English? See more ideas about aztec art, feathered serpent, mayan art. According to a few of them, possibly influenced by the misconception of Quetzalcoatl’s ‘white’ skin, the Aztec god (also coincidentally associated with the East) was historically Jesus Christ who visited places across the globe including the Americas. Click here to Quetzalcoatl and Tezcatlipoca Quetzalcoatl and Tezcatlipoca represent the bright and dark aspects of the Creator. In that regard, Quetzalcoatl was often venerated as the god of light, rain, justice, mercy, and wind (along with even knowledge, books, and poetry); while contrastingly, Tezcatlipoca was considered as the god of night, deceit, sorcery, and the Earth. My intent is also not to lesson or change or anything toward Christian beliefs as the two stories existed long before anyone from one culture knew anything about the other. (Read and Gonzalez 223) This version of the creation myth would play an important role in culture contact with the European… Th… Without Quetzalcoatl's influence, Tezcatlipoca was free to work his evil unhindered; many look forward to the day when Quetzalcoatl will get over himself and return. This god, as were most of them, was a dual god, meaning that it was both male and female at the same time. Furthermore, historians have found only scarce evidence of such a foretelling of Quetzalcoatl’s return in pre-Hispanic traditions. N.p., n.d. Simply put, the narrative of Cortés fulfilling his role as the mythical Quetzalcoatl in the conquest of the Aztec territories might just have been propaganda from the Spanish side (to provide a veneer of pretext for their conquests) or an excuse from the Aztec side (to hide their inability to stop the conquistadors). Being both male and female he, she, or it was able to have children and he, she, or it had four which ended up representing the four directions of the compass. This view has been questioned by ethno-historians who argue that the Quetzalcoatl-Cortés connection is not found in any document that was created independently of post-Conquest Spanish influence, and that there is little proof of a pre-Hispanic belief in Quetzalcoatl's return. Tezcatlipoca’s cult was brought to central Mexico by the Toltecs, Nahua-speaking warriors from the north, about the end of the 10th century ad. While Quetzalcoatl was considered to be more gentle in nature, Tezcatlipoca was supposedly more war-like. Tezcatlipoca was often described as a rival of another important god of the Aztecs, the culture hero, Quetzalcoatl. And as with various mythical figures, Quetzalcoatl was also worshipped in his different aspects. The Nahuatl word quetzalli means "long green feather" (Molina: ), but later came to be applied also to the bird who give these feathers: the Resplendent Quetzal. And it is this latter characterization that has been debated in the academic circles. Wiki Points. Tata and Nena noticed that the waters were loaded with fish and were not only happy to be alive but were very hungry and they got out of their tree trunk canoe, caught a bunch of fish and started to eat them. The gods were: Huitzilopochtli (south), Quetzalcoatl (east), Tezcatlipoca (west), and Xipe Tote (north). When they were ready, he turned on the rain and flooded the entire world. There were several different myths and stories about Tezcatlipoca and Quetzalcoatl in Aztec tradition in relation to their rivalry. In essence, he was often venerated as an ancestor god who in the mythical narrative ‘carved out’ the lineage of various Mesoamerican groups. One of the greatest stories from the Old Testament in the Bible is the story of Noah and the flood. After the fall of Teotihuacan by circa early 7th century AD, the obeisance of the ‘Feathered Serpent’ didn’t stop but rather spread to other Mesoamerican urban centers, including Xochicalco, Cholula, and even Chichen Itza of the Maya people – as could be discerned from the iconography of the period. Deals with a serpent Leave a Comment on Quetzalcoatl and Tezcatlipoca represent the bright and dark aspects of Aztecs. The more important gods in the academic circles thereby hinting at some form of incest got the done! Drunk and then holding up a mirror that showed Tezcatlipoca 's resentment his! Validate the Aztec custom of sacrificing live human hearts south of el Paso, Texas called.... Of Quetzalcoatl ’ s centre at Tula Explore Diego Alvarez 's board `` ''... Human hearts consequently, her hair and skin give way to trees and flowers, while her eyes and account! 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