There is a huge variation in the climatic conditions of Himachal Pradesh due to variation in altitude (450–6500 metres). Different types of climatic conditions result into varied cropping patterns. The local tribes namely, Gujjars, Bakarwal and Gaddis extensively use the alpine pastures for the rearing of sheep, goats, cattle and horses. It occupies about 35% of the geographical area and about 40% of the cultivated area of the State. SHIVALIK HILL ZONE Climate of Himachal Pradesh: Climate Sub Tropical, consists of foothills and valley area from 350 to 650 meters above mean sea level. The region consists of skeletal soils of the cold region, podsolic soils, mountain meadow soils, and hilly brown soils. Also, this agro-climatic zone is well-known for the cultivation of orchards. The state has been divided into four agro-ecological zones based on precipitation, altitude, and irrigation. Agro Climate Zones of Himachal Pradesh SHIVALIK HILL ZONE: Climate Sub Tropical, consists of foothills and valley area from 350 to 650 meters above mean sea level. SHARES. 4th yr. 2. Agro climatic zones 1. The major crops grown in this Zone are Wheat, Maize,… Read More » Annual rainfall- 1650-2000mm. This consists of three distinct sub-zones of Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh hills. Soil is predominantly alluvial. Monsoon season in Himachal Pradesh receives more than 70 % of its total rainfall. Himachal Pradesh has been endowed with a wide range of agro climatic conditions due to which a large number of horticulture commodities like fruit crops (from temperate to sub tropical), flowers, vegetables, mushrooms, hops, tea, medicinal & aromatic plants etc. (Agro-Climatic Zones) WEST COAST PLAINS AND GHATS: This zone runs along the west coast, covering parts of Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka, Maharastra and Goa with a variety of crop patterns, rainfall and soil types. Agro climatic Zone of Climate of Himachal Pradesh. It occupies about 35% of the geographical area and about 40% of the cultivated area of the State. Agro Climatic Zones in Himachal Pradesh • ZONE 1 ( SHIVALIK HILL ZONE ) : - It occupies about 30% of the geographical area and about 33% of the cultivated area of the state.-The altitude of this zone varies from 350-1500m.-This zone receives 165 mm of rainfall . It has snow- covered peaks, dissected topography, steep slopes, perennial rivers, evergreen and deciduous forests, and thin cover of soils on undulat­ing slopes. - Soil of this zone are mostly sandy loam in texture with loamy patches. Roughly 40% of the marine potential is taken advantage of in Andhra Pradesh and 46% in the Tamil Nadu Coast. Agro-Climatic Regions Source : NITI Aayog 15 resource development Regions in the country, 14 in the main land and remaining one in the islands of Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea. 0. 188. by Venkatesh. 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